Nagaland, the16th state of the Indian Union was born on 1st Dec 1963. It is bounded by Assam in the west and north Tirap district of Arunachal Pradesh in the north east, and Manipur in the south. On the east it shares India's international boundary with Myanmar, Burma.

The highest peak is Saramati in the Twensang district which is 3840 metres above sea-level. The average height of the peaks is between 900 and 1200 metres.

The main rivers that flow through the state are Dhansiri, Doyang, Dikhu, Tizu and Melak. There is no waterfall in Nagaland. The only lake well known is Lacham to the east of Mehiri.

Rains are heavy in Nagaland. The average rainfall is between 175cm and 250 cm. Most of the heavy rainfall is during the 4 months from June to September.